The mitral valve is responsible for stopping and starting the blood flow
between the left atrium and the left ventricle. A few mitral valve problems
commonly seen by
cardiologists include mitral valve prolapse, mitral valve regurgitation, and mitral stenosis.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Often referred to as MVP, mitral valve prolapse is a condition in which
the mitral valve’s two flaps fail to close evenly or smoothly. In
many cases, MVP is caused by benign growths of collagen that develop on
the flaps. This condition is often harmless, but treatment may be required
in some cases. For individuals who do experience symptoms, the condition
is described as mitral valve syndrome and is associated with dizziness,
fatigue, chest pain, heart palpitations, and shortness of breath.
Mitral Valve Regurgitation
This condition occurs when blood leaks backward through the mitral valve
with every contraction of the left ventricle. Mitral valve regurgitation
can lead to increased pressure and blood volume in the area, and severe
cases can result in fluid buildup in the lungs, heart palpitations, or
heart failure. Because it tends to enlarge the left atrium, this condition
may be linked to the development of atrial fibrillation, a problem that
reduces the heart’s pumping efficiency.
Caused by a blockage or narrowing of the mitral valve, mitral stenosis
occurs when blood is forced to back up into the heart’s left atrium
instead of flowing smoothly into the left ventricle. In many cases, patients
suffering from mitral stenosis were diagnosed with rheumatic fever as
a child. This condition can also be caused by any health condition that
narrows the mitral valve. Symptoms of mitral stenosis can include difficulty
breathing, coughing, chest pain, heart palpitations, and frequent respiratory
infections. Some people may also experience edema or fatigue.
If you’re looking for treatment for
heart disease in Phoenix, call Cardiac Solutions today at (623) 876-8816. Our cardiologists
have provided the West Valley area with exceptional cardiac care since
1984, and we now have four convenient clinics that are located in Glendale,
Avondale, Sun City West, and Peoria.