Cardiac Solutions

Cardiac Solutions will continue to be the leader providing quality cardiac care, utilizing a personalized, team-oriented approach, and promoting wellness through education, innovation and technology.

Ejection Fraction and Why It's Important

If you’ve been diagnosed with congestive heart failure, you may have heard your heart doctor discussing ejection fraction (EF). EF is a measurement that lets your heart doctor know how much blood your heart is pumping out of the left ventricle each time it contracts. Normally, a person without heart conditions will have an EF of about 55 to 70 percent. This means that 55 to 70 percent of the blood is being pushed out with each contraction.

If a person’s EF is under 40, this may be indicative of congestive heart failure or cardiomyopathy. An EF measurement between 40 and 55 could reveal damage to the heart, such as from a previous heart attack. However, it is not necessarily indicative of heart failure. A very high EF may also be cause for concern. An EF greater than 75 percent may indicate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, since it is possible to have a normal EF and still have heart failure, your ejection fraction is just one of the many aspects of your heart health that your cardiologist will review.

Patients with heart failure, heart arrhythmia, peripheral vascular disease, and other cardiovascular conditions can contact Cardiac Solutions at (623) 876-8816. We provide personalized, compassionate care for patients with heart conditions in Phoenix, Sun City West, and beyond.

Kids Explain Heart Attacks

A heart attack is no laughing matter; however, this video takes a lighthearted approach to emphasize to viewers the importance of calling 911 immediately when symptoms of a heart attack are observed. The kids featured in this video discuss how heart disease can lead to a blocked coronary artery, and consequently, a heart attack. And while these kids aren’t cardiologists, they also debunk one common myth regarding heart attacks.

Since a heart attack could happen to anyone, you may wish to consider talking to your doctor about your risk factors. If you do have cardiovascular conditions such as high cholesterol or coronary artery disease, you might be referred to a heart doctor.

Since 1984, Cardiac Solutions have been proud to provide state-of-the-art diagnostics and sophisticated treatment options for patients with heart disease in Phoenix. Give us a call at (623) 876-8816 to book an appointment at one of our cardiology clinics in the West Valley.

What Is Mitral Valve Regurgitation?

Your heart has four valves, including the mitral valve. This valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle. It features two flaps, or leaflets, which keep the blood moving in the right direction. If your heart doctor diagnoses you with mitral valve regurgitation, it means that the valve doesn’t close properly. This causes blood to regurgitate back up into the heart, rather than out of the heart.

Mitral Valve RegurgitationCauses
Conditions that can inflict damage on the mitral valve may cause mitral valve regurgitation. For example, your heart doctor may determine that you have mitral valve prolapse, which occurs when one or both of the leaflets on the mitral valve protrude into the left atrium. Another possible cause is rheumatic fever, which is an infection that can cause scarring and deformity of the leaflets. A heart attack can also place you at risk of mitral valve regurgitation.

Mitral valve regurgitation may not always cause symptoms, particularly when there is a low volume of blood being regurgitated. Over time; however, symptoms such as shortness of breath or an abnormal heart rhythm may develop. Patients with mitral valve regurgitation are at an increased risk of heart failure. If heart failure develops, the symptoms can include fatigue, problems breathing, loss of appetite, weight gain caused by fluid retention, and swollen ankles and feet.

Your cardiologists may determine that treatment isn’t necessary if your heart has a normal size and if you do not experience any symptoms. However, you may need to take antibiotics before having dental work or undergoing certain medical procedures. If you do need to undergo treatment for the condition, you may start taking drugs that dilate the blood vessels. Unfortunately, these drugs aren’t typically the best option for long-term management. Patients with moderate to severe mitral valve regurgitation often require surgery to repair or replace the valve.

At Cardiac Solutions, you’ll find a team of caring cardiologists near Phoenix, Avondale, and Sun City West. We provide compassionate care for patients with heart conditions, including mitral valve regurgitation, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, and many others. You can contact our clinic at (623) 876-8816 or browse our website for information about our advanced treatment options.

Tests to Detect Heart Failure

Test for Heart Failure in PhoenixIf your doctor suspects that you might have heart failure, you may be referred to a heart doctor, or cardiologist. There are a number of diagnostic tests that cardiologists can use for patients suspected of having heart conditions. First, the cardiologist will carefully review your medical history and will conduct a risk factor analysis (consider hypertension, coronary artery disease or diabetes), he will ask if you exercise, what your diet is like, if you smoke, his physical exam includes the use of a stethoscope to listen to your heart and lungs. It’s important to be completely honest with your doctor about your lifestyle.

The doctor may order blood tests to check for abnormal levels of certain substances that may indicate that your organs are under excess strain. Chest X-rays can inform your cardiologist of whether your heart is enlarged or you have congestion in the lungs. You might also have an electrocardiogram, which reveals whether you have had a heart attack, your heart muscle wall is enlarged, or your heart rhythm is abnormal. He may also order and echocardiogram that can also give the size, shape and how well your heart is pumping in the chambers of the heart.

At Cardiac Solutions, our cardiologists near Phoenix and Avondale combine high-quality healthcare with a personal touch. Call our heart disease experts at (623) 876-8816 for more information.

Understanding Your Risk for Arrhythmia

Risk of ArrhythmiaAn arrhythmia is an abnormal heartbeat that may cause the heart to beat too slowly, too quickly, or irregularly. These types of heart conditions aren’t always a cause for concern. However, you may need to be evaluated by a heart doctor, since some arrhythmias can lead to life-threatening complications. Certain risk factors may increase the likelihood that you’ll be diagnosed with an arrhythmia, including other cardiovascular conditions and non-cardiac conditions.

Cardiovascular Risk Factors
If you already have a heart condition, you may be at a greater risk of developing an arrhythmia. These conditions include having heart failure, which is characterized by the inability of the heart to pump a sufficient volume of blood. Heart valve diseases, which can involve narrowed or leaking heart valves, can place the heart under significant stress and may lead to heart failure. Other cardiovascular issues that may increase your risk of an arrhythmia include congenital heart defects, high blood pressure, having previously suffered a heart attack, and having previously undergone heart surgery.

Non-Cardiovascular Conditions
Although it may seem counterintuitive, having a certain type of sleep disorder can increase your risk of an arrhythmia. Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing periodically stops and restarts during sleep. This can lead to heart conditions such as an abnormal heartbeat because the heart becomes deprived of oxygen. Other non-cardiovascular conditions that may increase your risk include having hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, having an imbalance of electrolytes in the bloodstream, and having diabetes. Diabetes indirectly increases the risk of an abnormal heartbeat because it contributes to high blood pressure and coronary heart disease.

Lifestyle Risk Factors
Consuming alcohol to excess can increase your risk of a number of health problems, including heart rhythm problems. This is because alcohol can affect the electrical impulses that control the heartbeat, which may raise your risk of developing atrial fibrillation. Caffeine, nicotine, and illegal stimulants such as amphetamine and cocaine are other lifestyle risk factors of heart rhythm problems.

If you’ve been diagnosed with heart conditions in Phoenix, you can find the help you need at Cardiac Solutions. Our cardiologists work closely with each patient to develop a comprehensive, personalized treatment program for arrhythmias, coronary artery disease, and other heart conditions. Call our clinic at (623) 876-8816 to schedule an appointment with a heart doctor today.

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