If you’re a woman, you should be particularly concerned about heart disease . Fatalities from heart attacks are more common amongst women, and heart disease is also more prevalent in women than in men. Part of the problem is that women tend to be slower in getting medical help than men. As well, symptoms and risk factors often vary, depending on the patient’s gender.
Risk Factors for Heart Disease
Obesity, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure are risk factors for heart disease amongst both men and women. However, women have an elevated risk due to other factors, such as depression and mental stress, tobacco use, and metabolic syndrome. Additionally, women who have lower levels of post-menopause estrogen are more likely to develop cardiovascular disease.
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
The typical signs of a heart attack are pain or pressure in the chest, along with pain or discomfort in the upper body. However, women may experience different symptoms as well . These symptoms can include sweating, shortness of breath, dizziness, lightheadedness, abnormal fatigue, and nausea or vomiting. The reason for the difference in symptoms amongst the genders is that women tend to develop blockages in the smaller arteries, as well as the larger ones. This is a condition called coronary microvascular disease, also known as small vessel heart disease.
Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Risk
Work with a cardiologist to reduce your risk of cardiovascular problems. Maintain a healthy weight and lower your blood pressure with a low-sodium diet. Avoid the use of tobacco and exercise regularly. For women especially, it is also important to practice stress management. Practice deep breathing, take a yoga class, or work with a therapist to reduce your stress.
Are you at a higher risk for heart disease? Learn more about taking care of your heart with the educational classes offered by Cardiac Solutions of Phoenix . Call us today at (623) 876-8816 to schedule an appointment and learn more about our classes and cardiac care services.