Mitral valve prolapse is a condition characterized by an abnormal bulging of the mitral valve located between the upper and lower chambers of the left side of the heart. This abnormal bulging occurs when the two leaflets on either side of the valve which contract backwards towards the upper chamber of the heart do not close completely, allowing small amounts of blood to flow back towards the heart. This article will take a closer look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for mitral valve prolapse .
Causes and Risk Factors
The direct cause of mitral valve prolapse is unknown, but often occurs in individuals with a rare congenital disease of their connective tissues, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and Marfan syndrome. Individuals with adult polycystic kidney disease, Graves’ disease, scoliosis, and some types of muscular dystrophy may also be at a great risk for mitral valve prolapse .
Signs and Symptoms
Not all individuals with mitral valve prolapse experience symptoms; however, common symptoms may include heart palpitations or feeling like your heart is fluttering, shortness of breath, cough, chest discomfort, and fatigue. The condition may also lead to migraine headaches, dizziness, and anxiety. In more rare cases, individuals with mitral valve prolapse may experience complications due to the backflow of blood, including high blood pressure, arrhythmias, and infection of the heart chambers and valves.
Treatment is often not required for individuals whose mitral valve prolapse is not causing serious problems or symptoms. In the event that the condition is causing chest discomfort, beta blockers may be prescribed, but in most cases, mitral valve prolapse can be managed through proper diet, exercise, and routine checkups with your heart doctor.
For more information on mitral valve prolapse, contact Cardiac Solutions in Phoenix at (623) 876-8816. You can also check out our blog for more information on our Peoria, Glendale, Sun City West, and Avondale cardiology services.