Causes and Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease

Atherosclerosis

Coronary heart disease occurs when the arteries that transport blood to your heart become narrower due to the buildup of plaque inside them. This condition occurs slowly, worsening over the course of many years and increasing your risk for heart failure . Understanding the risk factors that lead to coronary artery disease can help you take steps to prevent it and improve your health.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease may be caused by a number of factors that weaken the arteries. Some of the most common causes of coronary artery disease include smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and inflammation of the blood vessels. Many of these factors can be controlled via diet, exercise, and other lifestyle choices such as a commitment to quit smoking. Maintaining good health even if you have diabetes or a natural resistance to insulin can lower your risk of developing heart problems due to coronary artery disease.

Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease
Risk factors increase the likelihood that you will develop coronary artery disease. A family history of heart disease is a risk factor for coronary artery disease that cannot be controlled. However, many other risk factors are controllable via medication, diet, and exercise to reduce your risk of developing heart disease and other health complications. High levels of LDL cholesterol or low levels of HDL cholesterol make it easier for plaque to build up inside the arteries. Obesity places excess stress on your cardiovascular system and may affect your body’s ability to utilize insulin. A lack of regular physical activity and an unhealthy diet also contribute to an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease. Metabolic syndrome is a group of factors that disrupt your body’s normal function and put your heart health at increased risk.

Consult your cardiologist at Cardiac Solutions today to learn how you can improve your heart health. We offer complete heart care at our four locations in Glendale, Avondale, Peoria, and Sun City West. Visit our website or call (623) 208-5305 to schedule an appointment at one of our clinics.

Canned Food Drive for St. Vincent De Paul Food Bank

Donation Can and Red Heart

Cardiac Solutions is joining in a canned food drive for St. Vincent De Paul Food Bank! We are taking contributions of canned & boxed food at all our locations. This is a wonderful organization that makes a big impact in the lives of many Arizonians.

High Blood Pressure and Your Heart

Stethoscope with reflection

Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure exerted on your arteries by the flow of blood. One in three Americans suffers from high blood pressure, which puts excess pressure on arterial walls and leads to future heart trouble . There are no outward symptoms of high blood pressure, so regular monitoring of your blood pressure is essential for identifying and treating this serious condition.

What Is High Blood Pressure?
Your blood pressure measures both systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure measures the pressure in your arteries as your heart contracts, while diastolic pressure is measured when your heart relaxes. Your blood pressure is written as systolic over diastolic pressure: for example, 120/80. Normal blood pressure is a systolic pressure of 120 or less and a diastolic pressure of 80 or less. High blood pressure occurs when the values of your systolic and diastolic pressure exceed these levels. This condition can develop regardless of age, weight, sex, or race, and often shows no outward signs until the arterial walls have become significantly damaged by the force of the pressure exerted by your blood.

What Are the Risks Associated with High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure puts your entire cardiovascular system at risk. The high pressure exerted on the walls of your arteries causes them to weaken, become thinner, and lose elasticity. Damage to the arteries reduces their ability to transport blood to the heart and increases the buildup of plaque, cutting down on blood flow. These factors lead to heart attack or heart failure because the heart cannot get enough blood. 77% of Americans treated for stroke and 69% of Americans treated for heart attack have high blood pressure with values greater than 140/90. Similarly, 74% of Americans diagnosed with congestive heart failure also have high blood pressure.

If you have high blood pressure, Cardiac Solutions can help you develop an effective treatment plan. Call us at (623) 208-5305 to learn more about measuring and managing high blood pressure and other risks for heart disease. Explore our blog for more important information regarding your health and your heart.

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to your heart becomes blocked, causing tissue to die. The symptoms of a heart attack should never be ignored, and emergency medical help must be sought immediately to minimize the damage.

This video features heart attack survivors talking about the warning signs they experienced. Symptoms of a heart attack include pains in your chest or shoulders that can travel down into the arms, wrists, back, neck, jaw, or stomach. You may have difficulty breathing or feel an intense pressure on your chest.

If you have concerns about your heart health, the doctors at Cardiac Solutions can help. Our personalized approach to heart health provides you with the education and care you need to live a healthy and happy life. Click on our blog for more important information about heart attacks and how to recognize them.

A Look at Left Heart Catheterization Procedures

large bore IV catheter on 12 lead EKG

Left heart catheterization may be used for either diagnosis or treatment of problems with your heart. During the procedure, a thin tube called a catheter is inserted into the left side of your heart to help your cardiologist visualize or detect abnormalities affecting your heart’s ability to function normally.

How to Prepare for the Procedure
To prepare for left heart catheterization, your cardiologist will ask that you not eat or drink for up to eight hours before the procedure and may give you instruction to withhold certain medications. Immediately prior to the procedure, you will be given a sedative to help you relax and asked to lie down. Your cardiologist will also use a local anesthetic before making a cut to insert the catheter.

During the Procedure
During your procedure, your cardiologist will make a small surgical cut in your skin, usually in the groin or arm. He will insert a catheter into a vein through this cut and move the catheter up into the left side of your heart. X-ray images are used to guide this process to ensure the catheter is properly placed. After the catheter has reached your heart, your cardiologist will use it to release dye into your heart’s veins to further visualize activity inside the heart.

The Outcome of the Procedure
Your cardiologist will use a left heart catheterization procedure to diagnose blockages or abnormalities in the heart, including problems with the valves, blood vessels and size of the chambers of your heart. He can see indications of blood vessel blockage, heart enlargement, tumors, and coronary artery disease. Issues with the valves of the heart, such as valve disease, mitral regurgitation, or aortic insufficiency can also be seen. In some cases, left heart catheterization is used to correct certain mechanical defects in the heart or take blood samples.

Cardiac Solutions offers catheterization, surgery, and other treatments to address heart disease and heart defects. Our team of board certified cardiologists strives to provide the best cardiac care available Glendale, Phoenix, and beyond. Please call us at (623) 876-8816 or click on our website to find the clinic nearest you .

Flowers from Happy Patients!

Peoria Flowers

Our Peoria front office staff received flowers and a thank you card from a patient of ours that needed help finding a primary care physician, and they took time out to help him find one. Thank you for the flowers and for your kind words!

Manage Your Blood Pressure with this Helpful Clip!

Did you know that if you have high blood pressure, you are more than twice as likely to develop heart disease and six times more likely to have a stroke than people with normal blood pressure? Bring your blood pressure to a healthy level with tips from this YouTube clip!

Cardiac Solutions: Our Providers

Our Care Providers

At Cardiac Solutions, we pride ourselves on our knowledge, experience, and dedication to your health. Our providers include a team of 17 cardiologists who have obtained degrees from respected institutions around the world, including Canada, the United States, and India. Each physician is board certified in cardiology, with many holding board certification in additional specialties including cardiac electrophysiology, interventional cardiology, echocardiography, internal medicine, and cardiac surgery. Many are acting chiefs of staff or presidents of other cardiology committees and centers in addition to their work at Cardiac Solutions. Our physicians are dedicated to remaining up-to-date on the latest cardiac treatment options to continually improve their knowledge and provide you with the best quality of care available in the Whole West Valley. They are also big proponents of educating the patient and even provide many free classes.  

Cardiac Solutions’ providers have been offering top-quality cardiac care since 1984. If you’d like more information about our providers or to schedule an appointment, call us at (623) 876-8816. You can find more information about each of our providers and the treatment and prevention options we offer in Phoenix, Glendale, Peoria, Sun City West, and Avondale by clicking through our website.

HDL vs. LDL Cholesterol

Cholesterol in artery

Cholesterol is found in the food you eat and created by your body’s own natural processes. There are two types of cholesterol: HDL and LDL cholesterol. Often, HDL cholesterol is called “good” cholesterol, while LDL is called “bad” cholesterol. Cholesterol cannot dissolve in the blood and must instead be transported to and from the cells in your body by proteins called lipoproteins. LDL is referred to as bad cholesterol because it easily builds up inside your arteries, blocking part or all of the blood flowing through them. This process is called atherosclerosis. HDL prevents atherosclerosis from occurring, which is why HDL is beneficial to your body. Sufficient levels of HDL in the blood are important in preventing heart attack and stroke. High levels of LDL or low levels of HDL can both increase your risk of heart disease.

Your heart doctor at Cardiac Solutions can help you better understand your cholesterol levels and what they mean. If you have questions about cholesterol, blood pressure, or other aspects of your heart health, please call (623) 876-8816 to schedule an appointment today. Visit us on the web for more information about our team-based approach to cardiac care.

 

Never Forget

September11