Causes and Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease


Coronary heart disease occurs when the arteries that transport blood to your heart become narrower due to the buildup of plaque inside them. This condition occurs slowly, worsening over the course of many years and increasing your risk for heart failure . Understanding the risk factors that lead to coronary artery disease can help you take steps to prevent it and improve your health.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease may be caused by a number of factors that weaken the arteries. Some of the most common causes of coronary artery disease include smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, and inflammation of the blood vessels. Many of these factors can be controlled via diet, exercise, and other lifestyle choices such as a commitment to quit smoking. Maintaining good health even if you have diabetes or a natural resistance to insulin can lower your risk of developing heart problems due to coronary artery disease.

Risk Factors for Coronary Artery Disease
Risk factors increase the likelihood that you will develop coronary artery disease. A family history of heart disease is a risk factor for coronary artery disease that cannot be controlled. However, many other risk factors are controllable via medication, diet, and exercise to reduce your risk of developing heart disease and other health complications. High levels of LDL cholesterol or low levels of HDL cholesterol make it easier for plaque to build up inside the arteries. Obesity places excess stress on your cardiovascular system and may affect your body’s ability to utilize insulin. A lack of regular physical activity and an unhealthy diet also contribute to an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease. Metabolic syndrome is a group of factors that disrupt your body’s normal function and put your heart health at increased risk.

Consult your cardiologist at Cardiac Solutions today to learn how you can improve your heart health. We offer complete heart care at our four locations in Glendale, Avondale, Peoria, and Sun City West. Visit our website or call (623) 208-5305 to schedule an appointment at one of our clinics.

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