Blood pressure is a measure of the pressure exerted on your arteries by the flow of blood. One in three Americans suffers from high blood pressure, which puts excess pressure on arterial walls and leads to future heart trouble . There are no outward symptoms of high blood pressure, so regular monitoring of your blood pressure is essential for identifying and treating this serious condition.
What Is High Blood Pressure?
Your blood pressure measures both systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure measures the pressure in your arteries as your heart contracts, while diastolic pressure is measured when your heart relaxes. Your blood pressure is written as systolic over diastolic pressure: for example, 120/80. Normal blood pressure is a systolic pressure of 120 or less and a diastolic pressure of 80 or less. High blood pressure occurs when the values of your systolic and diastolic pressure exceed these levels. This condition can develop regardless of age, weight, sex, or race, and often shows no outward signs until the arterial walls have become significantly damaged by the force of the pressure exerted by your blood.
What Are the Risks Associated with High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure puts your entire cardiovascular system at risk. The high pressure exerted on the walls of your arteries causes them to weaken, become thinner, and lose elasticity. Damage to the arteries reduces their ability to transport blood to the heart and increases the buildup of plaque, cutting down on blood flow. These factors lead to heart attack or heart failure because the heart cannot get enough blood. 77% of Americans treated for stroke and 69% of Americans treated for heart attack have high blood pressure with values greater than 140/90. Similarly, 74% of Americans diagnosed with congestive heart failure also have high blood pressure.
If you have high blood pressure, Cardiac Solutions can help you develop an effective treatment plan. Call us at (623) 208-5305 to learn more about measuring and managing high blood pressure and other risks for heart disease. Explore our blog for more important information regarding your health and your heart.