Hypertension is a term that most people have heard, but pulmonary hypertension may not be as familiar. Pulmonary hypertension refers to a specific type of high blood pressure that impacts the arteries on the right side of the heart and in the lungs. This serious condition needs to be closely managed by your heart doctor near Phoenix to control your symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Here is a look at some of the treatment options for this type of heart disease.
Vasodilators are medications that open narrowed blood vessels. These drugs are commonly used for pulmonary hypertension. One type of vasodilator that your heart doctor may prescribe, epoprostenol, is continuously delivered under your skin via an IV catheter attached to a small pump. The pump can be worn in a pack on your belt or over your shoulder. Another common vasodilator, iloprost, is inhaled via a nebulizer every three hours. Like most medications, these medications can have side effects, some significant, so your doctor will closely monitor how the drugs affect you.
Anticoagulants discourage the formation of blood clots. These medications are taken orally, but it’s important to take them exactly how they are prescribed to avoid severe side effects. Anticoagulants also increase the risk of bleeding complications. If you take these medicines, your heart doctor will monitor their effectiveness with periodic blood tests.
Diuretics are oral medications that help to reduce the amount of excess fluid in your body. Eliminating fluid eases the amount of work your heart has to do. If you experience fluid build-up in your lungs, diuretics can also help with this.
Pulmonary hypertension is among the many heart conditions that the cardiologists at Cardiac Solutions treat. You can learn more about the care we provide in our heart clinic by calling (623) 876-8816.